Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Common Entrance Test For PhD (IGKV-CET) - Syllabus For Farm Machinery And Power Engineering Department

Unit 1: Farm Mechanization and Equipment
Status of farm mechanization in India; power availability on farms; hand tools used
for different kinds of farm operations and materials for construction. Functional
requirement, principle of working, constructional features and operation of animal
and power operated equipment for land development, tillage, sowing, planting,
transplanting , fertilizer application, inter cultivation, plant protection , harvesting,
threshing, mowing, chaff cutting and bailing. Special equipment for crops such as
sugarcane, cotton, groundnut, potato and plantation crops like coconut, areca nut,
cashew nut etc.

Unit 2: Farm Machinery Design, Noise and Vibrations
Modern trends, principles, procedures, fundamentals and economic considerations for design
and development of farm power and machinery systems. Design considerations, procedure and
their applications in agricultural tractors and typical machines. Reliability criteria in design and
its application; analytical design considerations of linkages/ components in farm machinery and
its application. Design of selected farm equipments–tillage, seeding, planting, intercultural and
plant protection, harvesting and threshing. Design of rotary, vibrating and oscillating machines.
Design and selection of matching power unit; safety devices for tractors and farm implements.
Noise and vibration theory- Definition, units and parameters of measurement and their
importance. Types of vibrations- free and forced, in damped and without damped analysis of one
, two and multiple degree of freedom systems and their solution using Newton’s motion, energy
method, longitudinal, transverse and torsional vibrations, Raleigh’s methods, Lagrange equation.
Introduction of transient vibration in systems, vibration of continuous media. Balancing of
single rotating weight and number of weights in same plane and different planes. Complete
balancing of reciprocating parts of engine.

Unit 3: Farm Machinery Testing, Evaluation and Management
Types of tests; test procedure, national and international test codes. Test equipment; usage and
limitations. Power losses in dynamometers and hydraulic test equipment. Laboratory and field
testing of selected farm equipment-calibration of seed drills , planters , plant protection
equipment; methods of testing and performance evaluation of tillage equipment,
seed drills and planters , fertilizerapplicators, sprayers and dusters, harvesting
and threshing equipment, grain and straw combines, and special equipment
such as sugarcane, cotton, rice and potato planter; calculations of field
capacity, efficiency and rates of seed fertilizer and chemical applicators; calculation
of capacity, efficiency and losses in threshers, harvesters and chaff cutters. Non￾destructive testing techniques. Tractor performance testing, evaluation and interpretation of
results. Review and interpretation of test reports. Farm machinery selection and
management for different soils, crops and operations; cost analysis of animal and
tractor operated implements and tractors; matching power-implement system, estimation of energy and powerrequirements, reliability of farm machinery.

Unit 4: Tractor design
Technical specifications of tractors available in India, modern trends in tractor design and
development, special design features of tractors in relation to Indian agriculture. Parameters
affecting design of tractor engine and their selection. Design of fuel efficient engine components
and tractor systems like transmission, steering, front suspension, hydraulic system and hitching,
chassis, driver’s seat, work-place area and controls. Tire selection; Mechanics of tractor; tractor
stability and weight transfer. Computer aided design and its application in agricultural tractors.

Unit 5: Ergonomics and Safety
Importance of ergonomics and its application in agriculture, liberation and transfer of energy in
human body, concept of indirect calorimeter, work physiology in various agricultural tasks.
Physiological stress indices and their methods of measurement: Mechanical efficiency of work,
fatigue and shift work. Anthropometry and Biomechanics: Anthropometric data and
measurement techniques, joint movement and method of measurement, analysis and application
of anthropometric data, measurement of physical and mental capacities. Human limitations in
relation to stresses and demands of working environments. Mechanical environment; noise and
vibration and their physiological effects, thermal environment; heat stress, thermal comfort,
effect on performance and behavior, field of vision, color discrimination, general guidelines for
designing visual display, safety standards at work place during various farm operations and
natural hazards on the farm. Farm safety legislation; man-machine system concept; human
factors in adjustment of man and his work. Design aspects of foot and hand controls on tractors
and farm equipment. Design of operator’s seat for tractors and agricultural equipment.

Unit 6: Soil Dynamics in Tillage and Traction
Dynamic properties of soil and their measurement, stress-strain relationships, theory of soil
failure; Mechanics of tillage tools and geometry of soil tool system, design parameters and
performance of tillage tools. Dimensional analysis of different variables related to soil-tyre
system; soil vehicle models; mechanics of steering of farm tractor; special problems of wet land
traction and floatation. Introduction of traction devices, tyres-types, function & size, their
selection; mechanics of traction devices. Deflection between traction devices and soil, slippage
and sinkage of wheels, evaluation and prediction of traction performance, design of traction and
transport devices. Soil compaction by agricultural vehicles and machines.

Unit 7: Energy in Agriculture
Energy resources on the farm: conventional and non-conventional forms of energy and their use.
Heat equivalents and energy coefficients for different agricultural inputs and products. Pattern of
energy consumption and their constraints in production of agriculture. Direct and indirect
energy. Energy audit of production agriculture, and rural living and scope of conservation.
Identification of energy efficient machinery systems, energy losses and their management.
Energy analysis techniques and methods: energy balance, output and input ratio, resource
utilization, conservation of energy sources. Energy conservation planning and practices. Energy
forecasting, Energy economics, Energy pricing and incentives for energy conservation, factors
affecting energy economics. Energy modeling

2022